Eyes only

navigating hypertext with gaze

Abdul Moiz Penkar, Christof Lutteroth, Gerald Weber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eye gaze tracking is an obvious candidate for a future input device, perhaps even for everyday computing. The hard problems with gaze-controlled interfaces are inaccuracy and inadvertent clicking. We attempt to mitigate these problems in the context of a gaze-controlled web browser. Four click alternatives (Dwell, Single Confirm, Multiple Confirm and Radial Confirm) were implemented along with a fifth mouse-controlled version for comparison. Two alternatives make use of additional buttons that confirm a selection made previously by dwell, hence improving accuracy. Our results indicate that the Multiple Confirm alternative performed best among the gaze-based alternatives; it makes use of multiple confirmation buttons when letting the user choose between different options. When compared to the mouse, the clicking times were worse but the accuracy was indistinguishable. User feedback also indicates that, although mouse was considered best, Multiple Confirm was not perceived as slow and generated excitement. This indicates that the Multiple Confirm click alternative has potential as an interaction method for gaze interfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II
EditorsP. Kotze, G. Marsden, G. Lindgaard, J. Wesson, M. Winckler
Place of PublicationLondon, U. K.
PublisherSpringer
Pages153-169
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783642404795
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume8118

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Penkar, A. M., Lutteroth, C., & Weber, G. (2013). Eyes only: navigating hypertext with gaze. In P. Kotze, G. Marsden, G. Lindgaard, J. Wesson, & M. Winckler (Eds.), Human Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013: Proceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II (pp. 153-169). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 8118). London, U. K.: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40480-1_10

Eyes only : navigating hypertext with gaze. / Penkar, Abdul Moiz; Lutteroth, Christof; Weber, Gerald.

Human Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013: Proceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II. ed. / P. Kotze; G. Marsden; G. Lindgaard; J. Wesson; M. Winckler. London, U. K. : Springer, 2013. p. 153-169 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 8118).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Penkar, AM, Lutteroth, C & Weber, G 2013, Eyes only: navigating hypertext with gaze. in P Kotze, G Marsden, G Lindgaard, J Wesson & M Winckler (eds), Human Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013: Proceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8118, Springer, London, U. K., pp. 153-169. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40480-1_10
Penkar AM, Lutteroth C, Weber G. Eyes only: navigating hypertext with gaze. In Kotze P, Marsden G, Lindgaard G, Wesson J, Winckler M, editors, Human Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013: Proceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II. London, U. K.: Springer. 2013. p. 153-169. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40480-1_10
Penkar, Abdul Moiz ; Lutteroth, Christof ; Weber, Gerald. / Eyes only : navigating hypertext with gaze. Human Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013: Proceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II. editor / P. Kotze ; G. Marsden ; G. Lindgaard ; J. Wesson ; M. Winckler. London, U. K. : Springer, 2013. pp. 153-169 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
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