Eyes only: navigating hypertext with gaze

Abdul Moiz Penkar, Christof Lutteroth, Gerald Weber

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding

13 Citations (SciVal)


Eye gaze tracking is an obvious candidate for a future input device, perhaps even for everyday computing. The hard problems with gaze-controlled interfaces are inaccuracy and inadvertent clicking. We attempt to mitigate these problems in the context of a gaze-controlled web browser. Four click alternatives (Dwell, Single Confirm, Multiple Confirm and Radial Confirm) were implemented along with a fifth mouse-controlled version for comparison. Two alternatives make use of additional buttons that confirm a selection made previously by dwell, hence improving accuracy. Our results indicate that the Multiple Confirm alternative performed best among the gaze-based alternatives; it makes use of multiple confirmation buttons when letting the user choose between different options. When compared to the mouse, the clicking times were worse but the accuracy was indistinguishable. User feedback also indicates that, although mouse was considered best, Multiple Confirm was not perceived as slow and generated excitement. This indicates that the Multiple Confirm click alternative has potential as an interaction method for gaze interfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2013
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa,September 2013, Proceedings Part II
EditorsP. Kotze, G. Marsden, G. Lindgaard, J. Wesson, M. Winckler
Place of PublicationLondon, U. K.
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783642404795
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science


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