Eye movements to audiovisual scenes reveal expectations of a just world

Mitchell J. Callan, Heather J. Ferguson, Markus Bindemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When confronted with bad things happening to good people, observers often engage reactive strategies, such as victim derogation, to maintain a belief in a just world. Although such reasoning is usually made retrospectively, we investigated the extent to which knowledge of another person's good or bad behavior can also bias people's online expectations for subsequent good or bad outcomes. Using a fully crossed design, participants listened to auditory scenarios that varied in terms of whether the characters engaged in morally good or bad behavior while their eye movements were tracked around concurrent visual scenes depicting good and bad outcomes. We found that the good (bad) behavior of the characters influenced gaze preferences for good (bad) outcomes just prior to the actual outcomes being revealed. These findings suggest that beliefs about a person's moral worth encourage observers to foresee a preferred deserved outcome as the event unfolds. We include evidence to show that this effect cannot be explained in terms of affective priming or matching strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Belief in a just world
  • Eye movements
  • Just-world schema
  • Moral behavior
  • Visual world paradigm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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