Exposure, access and interaction: A global analysis of sponsorship of nursing professional associations

Quinn Grundy, Anna Millington, Andrea Robinson, Fabian Held, Alice Fabbri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Downloads (Pure)


AIM: To analyse the nature and extent of sponsorship of nursing professional associations and their major scientific conferences.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional content analysis.

METHODS: Data were extracted from the websites and conference documents of 156 national and international professional nursing associations in 2019 to identify sponsors. Sponsorship prospectuses were analysed to estimate the value and describe the nature of sponsorship arrangements. We analysed sponsorship patterns using social network analysis.

RESULTS: Most associations (84/156, 54%) did not report any sponsors. Sponsorship was concentrated among specialty nursing associations in high-income countries. Half of identified sponsors promoted products used in clinical care (50%; 981/1969); the majority represented the medical device industry (69%; 681/981). Top sponsors generally favoured opportunities that promoted interaction with conference attendees.

CONCLUSION: Globally, commercial sponsorship of nursing associations is a common, but not the dominant source of support for these activities. Half of sponsors were commercial entities that manufactured or distributed products used during clinical care, which presents a risk of commercial influence over education and ultimately, clinical practice. Sponsors favoured opportunities to interact directly with nurses, determine educational content, or foster continued interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140-1153
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number4
Early online date7 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2022


  • conflict of interest
  • continuing education
  • medical device industry
  • nursing
  • pharmaceutical industry
  • professional associations
  • professional development
  • sponsorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Exposure, access and interaction: A global analysis of sponsorship of nursing professional associations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this