Exploring the relationships between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame

Neda Sedighimornani, Katharine Rimes, Bas Verplanken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mindfulness has been proposed as an effective tool for regulating negative emotions and emotional disorders. However, little is known about the relationship between mindfulness and shame. The purpose of the current study was to investigate associations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame. One-hundred and fifty-nine participants completed the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, and the Experience of Shame Scale. As expected, both mindfulness and self-compassion were negatively correlated with the experience of shame. In addition, self-compassion was found to fully mediate the relationship between mindfulness and shame. In an effort to explore this relationship further, the associations between specific facets of mindfulness (e.g., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-reactivity, and non-judgment) and shame were examined. Results showed that the non-judgment facet remains a significant predictor of shame even after controlling for self-compassion. These findings highlight the negative self-evaluative nature of shame, suggesting that shamed individuals may benefit most from interventions that foster non-judgment attitudes toward feelings and thoughts.

LanguageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalSage Open
Volume9
Issue number3
Early online date26 Jul 2019
DOIs
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • mindfulness
  • self-compassion
  • shame
  • Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Exploring the relationships between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame. / Sedighimornani, Neda; Rimes, Katharine; Verplanken, Bas.

In: Sage Open, Vol. 9, No. 3, 26.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sedighimornani, Neda ; Rimes, Katharine ; Verplanken, Bas. / Exploring the relationships between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame. In: Sage Open. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 3.
@article{8b8fa5f5a3234eb7b833f74a6b3ad0ec,
title = "Exploring the relationships between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame",
abstract = "Mindfulness has been proposed as an effective tool for regulating negative emotions and emotional disorders. However, little is known about the relationship between mindfulness and shame. The purpose of the current study was to investigate associations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame. One-hundred and fifty-nine participants completed the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, and the Experience of Shame Scale. As expected, both mindfulness and self-compassion were negatively correlated with the experience of shame. In addition, self-compassion was found to fully mediate the relationship between mindfulness and shame. In an effort to explore this relationship further, the associations between specific facets of mindfulness (e.g., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-reactivity, and non-judgment) and shame were examined. Results showed that the non-judgment facet remains a significant predictor of shame even after controlling for self-compassion. These findings highlight the negative self-evaluative nature of shame, suggesting that shamed individuals may benefit most from interventions that foster non-judgment attitudes toward feelings and thoughts.",
keywords = "mindfulness, self-compassion, shame, Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire",
author = "Neda Sedighimornani and Katharine Rimes and Bas Verplanken",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1177/2158244019866294",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Sage Open",
issn = "2158-2440",
publisher = "Sage Publications",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring the relationships between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame

AU - Sedighimornani, Neda

AU - Rimes, Katharine

AU - Verplanken, Bas

PY - 2019/7/26

Y1 - 2019/7/26

N2 - Mindfulness has been proposed as an effective tool for regulating negative emotions and emotional disorders. However, little is known about the relationship between mindfulness and shame. The purpose of the current study was to investigate associations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame. One-hundred and fifty-nine participants completed the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, and the Experience of Shame Scale. As expected, both mindfulness and self-compassion were negatively correlated with the experience of shame. In addition, self-compassion was found to fully mediate the relationship between mindfulness and shame. In an effort to explore this relationship further, the associations between specific facets of mindfulness (e.g., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-reactivity, and non-judgment) and shame were examined. Results showed that the non-judgment facet remains a significant predictor of shame even after controlling for self-compassion. These findings highlight the negative self-evaluative nature of shame, suggesting that shamed individuals may benefit most from interventions that foster non-judgment attitudes toward feelings and thoughts.

AB - Mindfulness has been proposed as an effective tool for regulating negative emotions and emotional disorders. However, little is known about the relationship between mindfulness and shame. The purpose of the current study was to investigate associations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and shame. One-hundred and fifty-nine participants completed the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, and the Experience of Shame Scale. As expected, both mindfulness and self-compassion were negatively correlated with the experience of shame. In addition, self-compassion was found to fully mediate the relationship between mindfulness and shame. In an effort to explore this relationship further, the associations between specific facets of mindfulness (e.g., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-reactivity, and non-judgment) and shame were examined. Results showed that the non-judgment facet remains a significant predictor of shame even after controlling for self-compassion. These findings highlight the negative self-evaluative nature of shame, suggesting that shamed individuals may benefit most from interventions that foster non-judgment attitudes toward feelings and thoughts.

KW - mindfulness

KW - self-compassion

KW - shame

KW - Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069660915&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/2158244019866294

DO - 10.1177/2158244019866294

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Sage Open

T2 - Sage Open

JF - Sage Open

SN - 2158-2440

IS - 3

ER -