Exploring the interaction between renewables and energy storage for zero-carbon electricity systems

Canbing Li, Dawei Chen, Yingjie Li, Furong Li, Ran Li, Qiuwei Wu, Xubin Liu, Juan Wei, Shengtao He, Bin Zhou, Stephen Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (SciVal)
18 Downloads (Pure)


Many countries have set ambitious targets to achieve zero-carbon electricity systems by the Mid-21st Century. In their pathways, the renewable mix and the energy storage mix have been considered as two important facets. Current literature mostly focuses on how the storage mix is affected by the renewable mix, but few studied the inverse impact and the dynamic interaction between the storage and renewable mixes. We, therefore, developed an electricity system optimisation model with hourly resolution to investigate how the interaction between renewable and storage mixes could accelerate the decarbonisation in future 30 years. This study considered the decarbonisation roadmap in the UK designed by the National Grid with variable factors such as cost structure of renewables and storages, annual investment budget, and load growth. Our research finds that short-duration energy storages with duration time at 6–8 h are preferred for providing cheap and rapid ramping power to meet the daily fluctuation in the early stage (2020–2030) of the decarbonisation process. In the late stage of retiring fossil fuels (2040–2050), high-share wind energy plus with long-duration storages (with duration time longer than 38 h) can solve the problem of great-quantity and long-lasting energy shortage caused by renewables, thereby achieving high-renewable penetration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125247
Early online date12 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022


  • Energy storages
  • Long-term planning model
  • Renewable energy integration
  • Zero-carbon electricity systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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