Exploring the impact of various cooking techniques on the physicochemical and quality characteristics of camel meat product

Mouza Bahwan, Waqas N Baba, Oladipupo Adiamo, Hassan Mohammed Hassan, Alaa Eldin Bekhit, Olalere Olusegun Abayomi, Sajid Maqsood

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of four different cooking techniques viz: boiling, grilling, microwave, and frying; on the physicochemical characteristics of camel meat.

METHODS: Protein and lipid composition and their degradation as well as biochemical and textural changes of camel meat as influenced by cooking methods were investigated.

RESULTS: The highest cooking loss (52.61%) was reported in microwaved samples while grilled samples showed the lowest cooking loss (44.98%). The microwaved samples showed the highest levels of lipid oxidation as measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), while boiled samples showed the lowest levels (4.5 mg/kg). Protein solubility, total collagen, and soluble collagen content were highest in boiled samples. Boiled camel meat had lower hardness values compared to the other treated samples. Consequently, boiling was the optimum cooking technique for generating camel meat with a reduced hardness value and lower lipid oxidation level.

CONCLUSION: The camel meat industry and camel meat consumer can benefit from this research by improving their commercial viability and making consumers aware about the effects of cooking procedures on the quality of camel meat. The results of this study will be of significance to researchers and readers who are working on the processing and quality of camel meat.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnimal bioscience
Early online date26 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

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