Exploring how social capital works for children who have experienced school turbulence: What is the role of friendship and trust for children in poverty?

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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the role of friendship in the construction of
social capital within schools for students in poverty. It undertakes an
analysis of friendship through the lens of students who have experienced
turbulence. ‘Turbulence’ refers to a type of pupil mobility between
schools (not to be confused with social mobility) understood as when a
child enters or leaves school at a non-standard time. An examination of
the ways in which ‘turbulent’ children seek to make friendships provides
an opportunity to consider the ways in which different types of friendships
affect the construction of social capital in school. This paper examines
these processes for six ‘turbulent’ children from low-income
families, and explores the different orientations to the construction of
social capital between these children and their non-‘turbulent’ friends.
This study extends our understanding of the role of friendship in the
construction of social capital and may help to develop an agenda for
considering the importance of friendship, social capital and education for
children in poverty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-236
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • social capital; friendship; turbulence; children in poverty

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