Exploitation of energy resources and future automotive fuels

R. J. Pearson, J. W. G. Turner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract


The future exploitation of global energy resources is currently being hotly debated by politicians and by sections of the scientific community but there is little guidance available in the engineering literature as to the full gamut of options or their viability with respect to fuelling the world's vehicles. In the automotive industry extensive research is being undertaken on the use of alternative fuels in internal combustion engines and on the development of alternative powerplants but often the long-term strategy and sustainability of the energy sources to produce these fuels is not clearly enunciated.

The requirement to reduce CO₂ emissions in the face of accelerating global warming scenarios and the depletion of fossil-fuel resources has led to the widespread assumption that some form of "hydrogen economy" will prevail; this view is seldom justified or challenged. As oil and natural gas resources begin to deplete it is vital to consider how to exploit the remaining reserves more efficiently and how best to produce, distribute and utilize the fuel which may form the basis of the future energy economy.

The paper discusses the origins of our dependency on fossil fuels and looks at issues related to the depletion of their resources and their effects on the global climate. Two possible long-term energy strategies are considered and the impact of these on the direction of future automotive fuels is considered. The issues involved with the provision of infrastructure for fuel distribution are assessed and the compatibility of this infrastructure with that required for fuelling future generation vehicles, including those powered by fuel-cells is discussed.

The exploitation and limitations of biomass fuels are considered, in particular the use of alcohol-based fuels in internal combustion engines and their compatibility with future trends in engine technology to improve fuel economy are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAE Technical Papers
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventSAE Fuels and Emissions Conference, 2007 - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: 1 Jan 2007 → …

Conference

ConferenceSAE Fuels and Emissions Conference, 2007
CountrySouth Africa
CityCape Town
Period1/01/07 → …

Fingerprint

Automotive fuels
Energy resources
Fueling
Internal combustion engines
Fossil fuels
Alternative fuels
Global warming
Fuel economy
Automotive industry
Sustainable development
Fuel cells
Natural gas
Biomass
Alcohols
Engines
Hydrogen

Cite this

Exploitation of energy resources and future automotive fuels. / Pearson, R. J.; Turner, J. W. G.

SAE Technical Papers. 2007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pearson, RJ & Turner, JWG 2007, Exploitation of energy resources and future automotive fuels. in SAE Technical Papers. SAE Fuels and Emissions Conference, 2007, Cape Town, South Africa, 1/01/07. https://doi.org/10.4271/2007-01-0034
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