In order to separate global and local effects of atmospheric electricity, measurements of the fair weather electric field were performed in Nizhny Novgorod in 2013-2018. As a result of processing 139 diurnal records from four observation points spaced 6–8 km apart, diurnal variations in the fair-weather atmospheric electric field for different seasons and weekdays (working days and weekends) were studied. The curve of the local diurnal variation is shown to always have two maxima. The evening maximum of the diurnal variation (19:00–20:00 UT) coincides in time with the maximum of the Carnegie curve, which is a characteristic of the global electrical circuit. The highest values of the field amplitude are reached in the winter period. The field-intensity maximum in the first half of the day (09:00–11:00 LT) is characteristic of the urban environment and shows that local effects associated with the presence of aerosol particles in the air significantly contribute to the formation of diurnal variation, especially in summer. According to the 2013–2018 measurements, the seasonal variation in the monthly-average values of the atmospheric electric field is revealed and analyzed compared with the results of measurements of seasonal variation in other regions of the globe. The obtained results allow one to reveal the role of local effects in the formation of diurnal variation in the mid-latitude areas with temperate continental climate and provide a basis for developing a theory which can explain the physical mechanisms of local effects and suggest appropriate parametrization for finding the surface electric field in the weather and climate models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Shatalina, M., Mareev, E., Klimenko, V., Kuterin, F., & Nicoll, K. (2019). ЭКСПЕРИМЕНТАЛЬНОЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ СУТОЧНЫХ И СЕЗОННЫХ ВАРИАЦИЙ АТМОСФЕРНОГО ЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКОГО ПОЛЯ. Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 62(3), 183-191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11141-019-09966-x