Experimental demonstration of a graph state quantum error-correction code

B. A. Bell, D. A. Herrera-Martí, M. S. Tame, D. Markham, W. J. Wadsworth, J. G. Rarity

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scalable quantum computing and communication requires the protection of quantum information from the detrimental effects of decoherence and noise. Previous work tackling this problem has relied on the original circuit model for quantum computing. However, recently a family of entangled resources known as graph states has emerged as a versatile alternative for protecting quantum information. Depending on the graph's structure, errors can be detected and corrected in an efficient way using measurement-based techniques. Here we report an experimental demonstration of error correction using a graph state code. We use an all-optical setup to encode quantum information into photons representing a four-qubit graph state. We are able to reliably detect errors and correct against qubit loss. The graph we realize is setup independent, thus it could be employed in other physical settings. Our results show that graph state codes are a promising approach for achieving scalable quantum information processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3658
JournalNature Communications
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Bell, B. A., Herrera-Martí, D. A., Tame, M. S., Markham, D., Wadsworth, W. J., & Rarity, J. G. (2014). Experimental demonstration of a graph state quantum error-correction code. Nature Communications, 5, [3658]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4658