Expecting the unexpected: what resilience should mean to policymakers

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Evidence, and perhaps the experience of seemingly perpetual rain on one’s face, suggests that the weather is one thing that is increasingly variable and difficult to predict. The impact of this goes beyond deciding whether to take an umbrella, or wear an extra layer of clothing, when you go out in the morning. Like other shocks, temperamental weather can and does affect various aspects of economic, environmental and social life. In an ideal world, both policy and the built environment would be developed with a level of inbuilt resilience (that is, the capacity to cope with and absorb shocks), a recognition of the need to adapt, change and reorganise, and measures to mitigate the impact of future shocks.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationInstitute of Policy Research Blog
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2017


  • Resilience
  • Cities
  • Future
  • Sustainability
  • Planning


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