### Abstract

In this paper, we study solitary waves propagating along the surface of an infinitely deep body of water in two or three dimensions. The waves are acted upon by gravity and capillary effects are allowed—but not required—on the interface. We assume that the vorticity is localized in the sense that it satisfies certain moment conditions, and we permit there to be finitely many point vortices in the bulk of the fluid in two dimensions. We also consider a two-fluid model with a vortex sheet. Under mild decay assumptions, we obtain precise asymptotics for the velocity field and free surface, and relate this to global properties of the wave. For instance, we rule out the existence of waves whose free surface elevations have a single sign and of vortex sheets with finite angular momentum. Building on the work of Shatah et al. (Nonlinearity 26:1529–1564, 2013), we also prove the existence of families of two-dimensional capillary-gravity waves with compactly supported vorticity satisfying the above assumptions. For these waves, we further show that the free surface is positive in a neighborhood of infinity, and that the asymptotics at infinity are linked to the net vorticity.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 595-633 |

Number of pages | 39 |

Journal | Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis |

Volume | 234 |

Issue number | 2 |

Early online date | 15 May 2019 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | E-pub ahead of print - 15 May 2019 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Analysis
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)
- Mechanical Engineering

### Cite this

*Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*,

*234*(2), 595-633. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-019-01399-0