Excited-state dynamics of 4-hydroxyisoindoline-1,3-dione and its derivative as fluorescent probes

Li Zhao, Simin Jiang, Yanmei He, Luling Wu, Tony D. James, Junsheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fluorescent probes have become promising tools for monitoring the concentration of peroxynitrite, which is linked to many diseases. However, despite focusing on developing numerous peroxynitrite based fluorescent probes, limited emphasis is placed on their sensing mechanism. Here, we investigated the sensing mechanism of a peroxynitrite fluorescent probe, named BHID-Bpin, with a focus on the relevant excited state dynamics. The photoexcited BHID-Bpin relaxes to its ground state via an efficient nonradiative process (∼300 ps) due to the presence of a minimum energy conical intersection between its first excited state and ground state. However, upon reacting with peroxynitrite, the Bpin moiety is cleaved from BHID-Bpin and BHID is formed. The formed BHID exhibits strong dual band fluorescence which is caused by an ultrafast excited-state intramolecular proton transfer process (∼1 ps).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13506-13524
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number17
Early online date3 Apr 2024
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2024


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