Ex vivo evaluation of the biomechanical effect of varying monocortical screw numbers on a plate-rod canine femoral gap model

P. J. Delisser, G. P. McCombe, R. S. Trask, J. A. Etches, A. J. German, S. L. Holden, A. M. Wallace, N. J. Burton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare the biomechanical behaviour of plate-rod constructs with varying numbers of monocortical screws applied to an ex vivo canine femoral-gap ostectomy model. Sample population: Twenty Greyhound dog cadaveric femurs. Methods: Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed with dual x-ray absorptiometry. Bones were assigned to four groups. Bones had a 12-hole 3.5 mm locking compression plate with one bicortical non-locking cortical screw in the most proximal and distal plate holes and an intramedullary Steinmann pin applied across a 20 mm mid-diaphyseal os-tectomy. Additionally, one to four monocortical non-locking cortical screws were then placed (Groups 1-4 respectively) in the proximal and distal fragments. Stiffness and axial collapse were determined before and after cyclic axial loading (6000 cycles at 20%, 40%, and 60% of mean bodyweight [total: 18000 cycles]). Constructs subsequently underwent an additional 45000 cycles at 60% of bodyweight (total: 63000 cycles). Loading to failure was then performed and ultimate load and mode of failure recorded. Results: The BMD did not differ significantly between groups. Construct stiffness fore was not significantly different between groups. Mean load- to-failure of all groups was >1350N. Clinical relevance: Ex vivo canine large-breed femurs showed adequate stability bio-mechanically and gradually increasing stiffness with increasing monocortical screw numbers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-185
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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thighs
Thigh
screws
Bone Density
Femur
Canidae
Bone and Bones
dogs
bone density
Weight-Bearing
femur
X-Rays
bones
Dogs
Greyhound
body weight
pins
Population
X-radiation
breeds

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Comminuted
  • Fracture
  • Screw number
  • Stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Ex vivo evaluation of the biomechanical effect of varying monocortical screw numbers on a plate-rod canine femoral gap model. / Delisser, P. J.; McCombe, G. P.; Trask, R. S.; Etches, J. A.; German, A. J.; Holden, S. L.; Wallace, A. M.; Burton, N. J.

In: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2013, p. 177-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Delisser, P. J. ; McCombe, G. P. ; Trask, R. S. ; Etches, J. A. ; German, A. J. ; Holden, S. L. ; Wallace, A. M. ; Burton, N. J. / Ex vivo evaluation of the biomechanical effect of varying monocortical screw numbers on a plate-rod canine femoral gap model. In: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 2013 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 177-185.
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abstract = "Objective: To compare the biomechanical behaviour of plate-rod constructs with varying numbers of monocortical screws applied to an ex vivo canine femoral-gap ostectomy model. Sample population: Twenty Greyhound dog cadaveric femurs. Methods: Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed with dual x-ray absorptiometry. Bones were assigned to four groups. Bones had a 12-hole 3.5 mm locking compression plate with one bicortical non-locking cortical screw in the most proximal and distal plate holes and an intramedullary Steinmann pin applied across a 20 mm mid-diaphyseal os-tectomy. Additionally, one to four monocortical non-locking cortical screws were then placed (Groups 1-4 respectively) in the proximal and distal fragments. Stiffness and axial collapse were determined before and after cyclic axial loading (6000 cycles at 20{\%}, 40{\%}, and 60{\%} of mean bodyweight [total: 18000 cycles]). Constructs subsequently underwent an additional 45000 cycles at 60{\%} of bodyweight (total: 63000 cycles). Loading to failure was then performed and ultimate load and mode of failure recorded. Results: The BMD did not differ significantly between groups. Construct stiffness fore was not significantly different between groups. Mean load- to-failure of all groups was >1350N. Clinical relevance: Ex vivo canine large-breed femurs showed adequate stability bio-mechanically and gradually increasing stiffness with increasing monocortical screw numbers.",
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