Evidence of enhanced ion transport in Li-rich silicate intercalation materials

Juliette Billaud, Christopher Eames, Nuria Tapia-Ruiz, Matthew R. Roberts, Andrew J. Naylor, A. Robert Armstrong, M. Saiful Islam, Peter G. Bruce

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The silicate compounds Li2MSiO4 (where M = Mn, Fe, Co) have received significant attention recently as Li intercalation electrodes. Overwhelmingly they exhibit relatively poor kinetics of ion intercalation. By synthesizing Li-rich solid solutions of the form Li2+2 xFe1- xSiO4 (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3), the structural requirements for fast ion transport and hence relatively fast intercalation have been identified. Specifically the presence of additional Li+ in interstitial sites, not normally occupied in the stoichiometric Li2FeSiO4 compound, enhances ion transport by more than two orders of magnitude. The results, obtained by combining electrochemical measurements, with powder X-ray and neutron diffraction and atomistic modeling of the ion dynamics, provide valuable guidance in designing future intercalation electrodes with high Li-ion transport and, hence, fast electrode kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1601043
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number11
Early online dateJan 2017
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2017


  • Interstitial lithium
  • Li Fe SiO
  • Lithium iron silicate

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    Billaud, J., Eames, C., Tapia-Ruiz, N., Roberts, M. R., Naylor, A. J., Armstrong, A. R., Islam, M. S., & Bruce, P. G. (2017). Evidence of enhanced ion transport in Li-rich silicate intercalation materials. Advanced Energy Materials, 7(11), [1601043]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201601043