Everything in moderation: The social effects of anger depend on its perceived intensity

Hajo Adam, Jeanne M. Brett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research has documented the important influence of anger expressions on negotiation processes and outcomes. Surprisingly, however, it remains an open question if this influence depends on a core characteristic of anger displays—the intensity with which anger is expressed. Results from two negotiation studies (N = 396) using different operationalizations of anger intensity, different negotiation procedures, and different subject populations demonstrated a curvilinear relationship between the intensity of the anger expression and the negotiation counterpart's concessions. In particular, moderate-intensity anger led to larger concessions than no anger because the anger expresser was perceived as tough, and high-intensity anger led to smaller concessions than moderate-intensity anger because the anger expression was perceived as inappropriate. Furthermore, expressing anger, and, in particular, high-intensity anger, reduced anger perceivers' subjective value outcomes in the form of negative feelings about the relationship. Theoretical contributions to research on anger, emotion, and negotiation are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume76
Early online date8 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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