Evaporating waterbody effects in a simplified urban neighbourhood: a RANS analysis

Petros Ampatzidis, Carlo Cintolesi, Andrea Petronio, Silvana Di Sabatino, Tristan Kershaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)


The incorporation of nature-based solutions comprising green and blue infrastructure is often touted as a way to cool cities and enhance pollutant removal. However, there is little agreement between different methodologies to measure the effect of any single intervention. Here, we present 3D steady RANS simulations to investigate the influence of waterbody on in-canyon flow structure, temperature (T∗) and water vapour (ω∗) distribution in a simplified urban neighbourhood. A novel solver that captures evaporation effects is developed and validated against wind tunnel experiments. Simulations are performed under neutral atmospheric conditions for forced- and mixed-convection cases and different air-water temperature differences, indicative of either daytime or night-time conditions. Results under forced convection show minimal impact on the flow structure, whilst T∗ and ω∗ effects are distributed primarily over and around the water surface. However, the mixed-convection case shows that a cooler waterbody weakens the principal vortex in the open square, whilst T∗ and ω∗ effects reach further upwind and are more widely distributed in the spanwise direction. A warmer waterbody is shown to disrupt the skimming flow structure, indicating a possible heat and pollutant removal mechanism from around the waterbody and also downwind canyons.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105078
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics
Early online date6 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to express their gratitude to Damogran Labs for their mesh generation code classy_blocks, available at https://github.com/damogranlabs/classy_blocks. Petros Ampatzidis is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), United Kingdom “Decarbonisation of the Built Environment” CDT grant number EP/L016869/1.


  • Blue space
  • CFD
  • Evaporation
  • Nature-based solutions
  • OpenFOAM
  • RANS
  • Urban waterbody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering


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