Stimulated Raman scattering microscopy was used to assess the permeation of topically applied drugs and formulation excipients into porcine skin. This chemically selective technique generates high-resolution 3D images, from which semi-quantitative information may be elucidated. Ibuprofen, applied as a close-to-saturated solution in propylene glycol, was directly observed to crystallise in/on the skin, as the co-solvent permeated more rapidly, resulting in precipitation of the drug. Coherent Raman scattering microscopy is also an excellent tool, in conjunction with more conventional confocal fluorescence microscopy, with which to image micro/nanoparticle-based formulations. Specifically, the uptake of particles into thermal ablation transport pathways in the skin has been examined.
- Department of Pharmacy & Pharmacology - Professor
- Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies (CSCT)
- Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
- Centre for Biosensors, Bioelectronics and Biodevices (C3Bio)
- EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Statistical Applied Mathematics (SAMBa)
- Centre for Therapeutic Innovation
Person: Research & Teaching