Evaluating tsunami hazard in the Northwestern Indian Ocean

Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Moharram D. Pirooz, Nasser H. Zaker, Costas E. Synolakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We evaluate here the tsunami hazard in the northwestern Indian Ocean. The maximum regional earthquake calculated from seismic hazard analysis, was used as the characteristic earthquake for our tsunami hazard assessment. This earthquake, with a moment magnitude of Mw 8.3 and a return period of about 1000 years, was moved along the Makran subduction zone (MSZ) and its possible tsunami wave height along various coasts was calculated via numerical simulation. Both seismic hazard analysis and numerical modeling of the tsunami were validated using historical observations of the Makran earthquake and tsunami of the 1945. Results showed that the possible tsunami may reach a maximum height of 9.6 m in the region. The distribution of tsunami wave height along various coasts is presented. We recommend the development of a tsunami warning system in the region, and emphasize the value of education as a measure to mitigate the death toll of a possible tsunami in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2045-2058
Number of pages14
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Volume165
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Deterministic tsunami hazard assessment (DTHA)
  • Makran subduction zone (MSZ)
  • Maximum regional earthquake
  • Near-field effects
  • Northwestern Indian Ocean
  • Numerical modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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