Evaluating the Spillover Effects of the Colombian Conflict in Ecuador

José M. Fernández, Matteo Pazzona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)


The Colombian civil war lasted for nearly six decades with approximately 10 percent of its population being displaced over the same period. The implications of this conflict have transgressed international boundaries. Countries such as Ecuador experienced an exodus of victims as well as an increase in the presence of armed groups, along with the proliferation of illegal businesses. Even though the internal social and economic consequences of the Colombian conflict have been documented in the literature, there is yet to be a study addressing these issues from the perspective of impacted neighboring countries. In this work, we contribute to the literature by evaluating whether the influx of asylum seekers and the increasing presence of armed groups in the bordering provinces of Ecuador have lead to an increase in violence among these provinces. We do not find any link between the arrival of asylum seekers and the incidence of violent crimes in the Ecuadorean bordering provinces. Similarly, our results indicate that despite an increase in the presence of armed groups, these regions did not experience an increase in the homicide rates significantly different from the other provinces. The results are robust to various specifications and econometric techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalDefence and Peace Economics
Early online date1 Jun 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jun 2017


  • Asylum Seekers
  • Colombian conflict
  • Ecuador
  • Spillover effects
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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