Evaluating the effects of parenting styles dimensions on adolescent drug use: secondary analysis of #Tamojunto randomized controlled trial

Maike Klein

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Abstract

The present study examined parenting style dimensions (demandingness and responsiveness) as predictors of adolescent drug use and also evaluated whether parenting styles dimensions moderate the effects of the implemented prevention program. 6.391 students in the 7th and 8th grades at 72 Brazilian public schools participated in a three-wave randomized controlled trial to evaluate a school drug-use prevention program. We used structural equation modeling to test if baseline parenting style dimensions (demandingness and responsiveness) would predict the use of drugs (alcohol, binge drinking, cannabis, inhalants, and tobacco) after 21 months. Additionally, we evaluated an interaction version of the above-described model to test if the effect of the prevention program would be moderated by either or both parenting style dimensions. Higher levels of parent demandingness predicted lower chances of adolescent drug use (e.g., Cigarette use OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.64–0.89); responsiveness on the five outcomes showed p value superior to 0.01. The effect of the #Tamojunto intervention is unlikely to be conditioned to either parenting style dimensions on the assessed outcomes. Clinical trial registration Brazilian Register of Clinical Trials (REBEC): #RBR-4mnv5g (https://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/?q=tamojunto).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEssays in Development Psychology
EditorsR. Summers, C. J. Golden, L. Lashley, E. Ailes
Pages979-987
Number of pages9
Volume29
Edition7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
ISSN (Print)1018-8827

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Brazilian Ministry of Health through TED 89-2014 (PI: Zila M Sanchez) and by the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) through grant number 2016/11971-5 (Juliana Y Valente). Hugo Cogo-Moreira is thankful for a CAPES Thesis Award (No. 0374/2016, Process No. 23038.009191/2013-76) and CAPES/Alexander von Humboldt fellowship (Process No. 88881.145593/2017-01). Special thanks are due to the site schools for their continuing collaborative efforts and to the teachers, students, and parents who were involved in the study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Drug use
  • Moderation
  • Parenting style
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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