Ethanol to 1,3-butadiene conversion using ZrZn-containing MgO-SiO2 systems prepared by co-precipitation and effect of catalyst acidity modification

Simoni Da Ros, Matthew Jones, Davide Mattia, Jose Pinto, Marcio Schwaab, Fabio Noronha, Simon Kondrat, Tomos Clarke, Stuart Tayloar

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Abstract

The conversion of ethanol to 1,3-butadiene (1,3-BD) has been investigated over ZrO2 and ZnO containing magnesia silica oxides prepared by co-precipitation method at different Mg-to-Si molar ratios. The effect of reaction temperature and ethanol flow rate was investigated. The catalyst acidity was modified through the addition of alkali metals (Na, K and Li) to the final materials. Catalysts were characterised by nitrogen physisorption analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray, temperature programmed desorption of ammonia, infrared spectroscopy and 29Si/(7Li) NMR spectroscopy. The catalytic results showed that the controlled reduction of catalyst acidity allows suppressing of ethanol dehydration, whilst increasing 1,3-BD selectivity. The best catalytic performance achieved 72 mol % for the combined 1,3-BD and acetaldehyde selectivity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2376-2386
Number of pages11
JournalChemCatChem
Volume8
Issue number14
Early online date17 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2016

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