Epidemiological transition in physical activity and sedentary time in children

Tiago V Barreira, Stephanie T Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, José Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, ISCOLE Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: To determine if children’s moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time varied across levels of household income in countries at different levels of Human Development Index (HDI), consistent with the theory of epidemiological transition. Methods: Data from 6548 children (55% girls) aged 9–11 years from 12 countries at different HDI levels are used in this analysis to assess MVPA and sedentary time (measured using ActiGraph accelerometers) across levels of household income. Least-square means are estimated separately for boys and girls at the estimated 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles of HDI for the sample. Results: For boys, time in MVPA is negatively associated with income at the 10th and 50th percentiles of HDI (both P < .002). For girls, time in MVPA is negatively associated with income at the 10th and 50th percentiles of HDI (all P < .01) and positively related with income at the 90th percentile (P = .04). Sedentary time is positively associated with income at the 10th percentile of HDI for boys (P = .03), but not for girls. Conclusions: Results support the possibility of an epidemiological transition in physical activity, with lower levels of MVPA observed at opposite levels of income depending on the HDI percentile. This phenomenon was not observed for sedentary time
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-524
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • accelerometry
  • epidemiology
  • pediatrics
  • sedentary behavior
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Barreira, T. V., Broyles, S. T., Tudor-Locke, C., Chaput, J-P., Fogelholm, M., Hu, G., ... ISCOLE Research Group (2019). Epidemiological transition in physical activity and sedentary time in children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 16(7), 518-524. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2018-0546

Epidemiological transition in physical activity and sedentary time in children. / Barreira, Tiago V; Broyles, Stephanie T; Tudor-Locke, Catrine; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Fogelholm, Mikael; Hu, Gang; Kuriyan, Rebecca; Lambert, Estelle V.; Maher, Carol; Maia, José; Olds, Timothy; Onywera, Vincent; Sarmiento, Olga L; Standage, Martyn; Tremblay, Mark S.; Katzmarzyk, Peter T.; ISCOLE Research Group.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 16, No. 7, 01.07.2019, p. 518-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barreira, TV, Broyles, ST, Tudor-Locke, C, Chaput, J-P, Fogelholm, M, Hu, G, Kuriyan, R, Lambert, EV, Maher, C, Maia, J, Olds, T, Onywera, V, Sarmiento, OL, Standage, M, Tremblay, MS, Katzmarzyk, PT & ISCOLE Research Group 2019, 'Epidemiological transition in physical activity and sedentary time in children', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 518-524. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2018-0546
Barreira TV, Broyles ST, Tudor-Locke C, Chaput J-P, Fogelholm M, Hu G et al. Epidemiological transition in physical activity and sedentary time in children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2019 Jul 1;16(7):518-524. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2018-0546
Barreira, Tiago V ; Broyles, Stephanie T ; Tudor-Locke, Catrine ; Chaput, Jean-Philippe ; Fogelholm, Mikael ; Hu, Gang ; Kuriyan, Rebecca ; Lambert, Estelle V. ; Maher, Carol ; Maia, José ; Olds, Timothy ; Onywera, Vincent ; Sarmiento, Olga L ; Standage, Martyn ; Tremblay, Mark S. ; Katzmarzyk, Peter T. ; ISCOLE Research Group. / Epidemiological transition in physical activity and sedentary time in children. In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 7. pp. 518-524.
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