Factores ambientales vinculados con la aparición y dispersión de las epidemias de Vibrio en América del Sur

Translated title of the contribution: Environmental drivers of emergence and spreading of Vibrio epidemics in South America

Ronnie G Gavilán, Jaime Martínez-Urtaza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vibrio cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus are the two Vibrio species with a major impact on human health. Diseases caused by both pathogens are acquiring increasing relevance due to their expansion at global scale. In this paper, we resume the ecological aspects associated with the arrival and spreading of infections caused by V. parahaemolyticus and V. cholerae in Peru from a South American perspective. Moreover, we discuss the similarities in the emergence in Peru of cholera cases in 1991 and V. parahaemolyticus infections in 1997. These constituted exceptional experiments to evaluate the relationships between the Vibrio epidemics and changes in the environment. The epidemic radiations of V. cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus constitute to clear examples supporting the oceanic dispersion of pathogenic vibrios and have enabled the identification of El Niño events as a potential mechanism for the spreading of diseases through the ocean.

Translated title of the contributionEnvironmental drivers of emergence and spreading of Vibrio epidemics in South America
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Cholera
  • Environment
  • Epidemics
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • South America
  • Vibrio Infections

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