The photocurrent generated by ferroelectric materials via the photovoltaic effect has latent applications in opto-electronic devices due to the introduction of a polarization-induced charge carrier separation and transport, which is absent in semiconducting p-n junctions. However, the precise mechanism of photocurrent production in photoelectric devices by a range of ferroelectric materials remains a topic of continued interest. Here we report a significant enhancement in the photocurrent of a ferroelectric Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based photoelectric device by ferro-pyro-phototronic effect. When compared with the generated photocurrent under illumination alone, the peak and platform photocurrents induced by the simultaneous use of both light and heating can be increased by 131% and 57%, respectively. The increase in photocurrent is found to increase with temperature, where the mechanism of enhancement is associated with the increase in pyroelectric coefficient, photoexcited carrier concentration and carrier mobility at higher operating temperatures. These factors also lead to a rapid response time of 84.2 ms. This work provides guidelines for photocurrent promotion in ferroelectric devices, pushing forward the potential applications of ferroelectric materials for self-powered photodetectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107312
JournalNano Energy
Early online date28 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 52072041 ), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. JQ21007 ), and the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. Y8540XX2D2 ).


  • BNT
  • Coupling enhancement coefficient
  • Ferro-pyro-phototronic effect
  • Photocurrent
  • Photovoltaic effect
  • Pyroelectric effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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