Abstract

A new high surface area polyaniline (PANI) adsorbent was synthesized by matrix polymerization of aniline in the presence of a polyacid, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPSA). Morphological and physicochemical properties of PANI-PAMPSA were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption/desorption and zeta potential measurement. Adsorption properties were evaluated using methylene blue (MB) and rose bengal (RB) as model dyes.
The results showed that PANI-PAMPSA obtained a well-defined porous structure with a specific surface area (126 m2 g−1) over 10 times larger than that of the emeraldine base PANI (PANI-EB) (12 m2 g−1). The maximum adsorption capacities were 466.5 mg g−1 for MB and 440.0 mg g−1 for RB, higher than any other PANI-based materials reported in the literature. The FTIR analysis and zeta potential measurement revealed that the adsorption mechanisms involved π-π interaction and electrostatic interaction. The adsorption kinetics were best described by a pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms followed the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process. Overall, the convenient synthesis and the high adsorption capacity make PANI-PAMPSA a promising adsorbent material for dye removal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-159
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume245
Early online date5 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Polyaniline
Coloring Agents
Dyes
dyes
aqueous solutions
Adsorption
adsorption
Rose Bengal
Acids
Methylene Blue
acids
Zeta potential
methylene blue
Adsorbents
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
adsorbents
infrared spectroscopy
Aniline
Coulomb interactions
polyaniline

Keywords

  • polyaniline
  • dye adsorption
  • polyacid
  • Rose Bengal
  • Methylene Blue
  • doping

Cite this

@article{620d90aed1094cea8d8978564e0c4d1f,
title = "Enhanced adsorption of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solutions by polyacid doped polyaniline",
abstract = "A new high surface area polyaniline (PANI) adsorbent was synthesized by matrix polymerization of aniline in the presence of a polyacid, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPSA). Morphological and physicochemical properties of PANI-PAMPSA were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption/desorption and zeta potential measurement. Adsorption properties were evaluated using methylene blue (MB) and rose bengal (RB) as model dyes.The results showed that PANI-PAMPSA obtained a well-defined porous structure with a specific surface area (126 m2 g−1) over 10 times larger than that of the emeraldine base PANI (PANI-EB) (12 m2 g−1). The maximum adsorption capacities were 466.5 mg g−1 for MB and 440.0 mg g−1 for RB, higher than any other PANI-based materials reported in the literature. The FTIR analysis and zeta potential measurement revealed that the adsorption mechanisms involved π-π interaction and electrostatic interaction. The adsorption kinetics were best described by a pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms followed the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process. Overall, the convenient synthesis and the high adsorption capacity make PANI-PAMPSA a promising adsorbent material for dye removal.",
keywords = "polyaniline, dye adsorption, polyacid, Rose Bengal, Methylene Blue, doping",
author = "Junjie Shen and Salman Shahid and Ida Amura and Adem Sarihan and Mi Tian and Emanuelsson, {Emma A. C.}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "245",
pages = "151--159",
journal = "Synthetic Metals",
issn = "0379-6779",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhanced adsorption of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solutions by polyacid doped polyaniline

AU - Shen, Junjie

AU - Shahid, Salman

AU - Amura, Ida

AU - Sarihan, Adem

AU - Tian, Mi

AU - Emanuelsson, Emma A. C.

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - A new high surface area polyaniline (PANI) adsorbent was synthesized by matrix polymerization of aniline in the presence of a polyacid, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPSA). Morphological and physicochemical properties of PANI-PAMPSA were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption/desorption and zeta potential measurement. Adsorption properties were evaluated using methylene blue (MB) and rose bengal (RB) as model dyes.The results showed that PANI-PAMPSA obtained a well-defined porous structure with a specific surface area (126 m2 g−1) over 10 times larger than that of the emeraldine base PANI (PANI-EB) (12 m2 g−1). The maximum adsorption capacities were 466.5 mg g−1 for MB and 440.0 mg g−1 for RB, higher than any other PANI-based materials reported in the literature. The FTIR analysis and zeta potential measurement revealed that the adsorption mechanisms involved π-π interaction and electrostatic interaction. The adsorption kinetics were best described by a pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms followed the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process. Overall, the convenient synthesis and the high adsorption capacity make PANI-PAMPSA a promising adsorbent material for dye removal.

AB - A new high surface area polyaniline (PANI) adsorbent was synthesized by matrix polymerization of aniline in the presence of a polyacid, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (PAMPSA). Morphological and physicochemical properties of PANI-PAMPSA were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption/desorption and zeta potential measurement. Adsorption properties were evaluated using methylene blue (MB) and rose bengal (RB) as model dyes.The results showed that PANI-PAMPSA obtained a well-defined porous structure with a specific surface area (126 m2 g−1) over 10 times larger than that of the emeraldine base PANI (PANI-EB) (12 m2 g−1). The maximum adsorption capacities were 466.5 mg g−1 for MB and 440.0 mg g−1 for RB, higher than any other PANI-based materials reported in the literature. The FTIR analysis and zeta potential measurement revealed that the adsorption mechanisms involved π-π interaction and electrostatic interaction. The adsorption kinetics were best described by a pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms followed the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption was a spontaneous endothermic process. Overall, the convenient synthesis and the high adsorption capacity make PANI-PAMPSA a promising adsorbent material for dye removal.

KW - polyaniline

KW - dye adsorption

KW - polyacid

KW - Rose Bengal

KW - Methylene Blue

KW - doping

M3 - Article

VL - 245

SP - 151

EP - 159

JO - Synthetic Metals

JF - Synthetic Metals

SN - 0379-6779

ER -