Abstract

Purpose: To scavenge vibrational energy from ultra-low frequency vibrations with low excitation levels, this paper presents a novel quasi-zero stiffness electromagnetic energy harvester (QZS-EMEH) by exploiting a rolling magnet system. Methods: By calculating the nonlinear restoring force exerted on the moving magnet, the parameter region that results in conditions of quasi-zero stiffness is determined, and a theoretical model of the QZS-EMEH is established. Based on the method of harmonic balance, the analytical solution of the QZS-EMEH is derived, and the influence of system parameters on the response characteristics and energy harvesting performance is discussed. Results: Numerical and theoretical results indicate that the QZS-EMEH can efficiently harness energy in a wide frequency range under low-level excitations. Furthermore, the nonlinear dynamics of the QZS-EMEH are investigated based on the bifurcation diagram, phase orbit, Poincaré map, and basin of attraction, demonstrating that appropriate initial conditions can lead to the high-energy orbit oscillation. Conclusions: Finally, realistic ambient vibration accelerations from a bus and a human body are applied to excite the QZS-EMEH, and the results illustrate that the QZS-EMEH can generate considerable electrical output power and has excellent application prospects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Vibration Engineering & Technologies
Early online date22 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Electromagnetic
  • Energy harvesting
  • Quasi-zero stiffness
  • Rolling magnet
  • Ultra-low frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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