Energetic particle influence on the Earth's atmosphere

Irina A. Mironova, Karen L. Aplin, Frank Arnold, Galina A. Bazilevskaya, R. Giles Harrison, Alexei A. Krivolutsky, Keri A. Nicoll, Eugene V. Rozanov, Esa Turunen, Ilya G. Usoskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Citations (SciVal)


This manuscript gives an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the effects of energetic particle precipitation (EPP) onto the whole atmosphere, from the lower thermosphere/mesosphere through the stratosphere and troposphere, to the surface. The paper summarizes the different sources and energies of particles, principally galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), solar energetic particles (SEPs) and energetic electron precipitation (EEP). All the proposed mechanisms by which EPP can affect the atmosphere are discussed, including chemical changes in the upper atmosphere and lower thermosphere, chemistry-dynamics feedbacks, the global electric circuit and cloud formation. The role of energetic particles in Earth's atmosphere is a multi-disciplinary problem that requires expertise from a range of scientific backgrounds. To assist with this synergy, summary tables are provided, which are intended to evaluate the level of current knowledge of the effects of energetic particles on processes in the entire atmosphere.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-96
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Issue number1
Early online date2 Sept 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015


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