Purpose: To determine the effect of a 48-h period of either fluid restriction (FR), energy restriction (ER), or fluid and energy restriction (F + ER) on 30-min treadmill time trial (TT) performance in temperate conditions. Methods: Thirteen males participated in four randomized 48-h trials (mean SD: age, 21 +/- 3 yr; VO2max 50.9 +/- 4.3 mL(.)kg(-1) min(-1)). Control (CON) participants received their estimated energy (2903 +/- 199 kcal(.)d(-1)) and water (3912 +/- 500 mL(.)d(-1)) requirements. For FR, participants received their energy requirements and 193 +/- 50 mL(.)d(-1) water to drink, and for ER, participants received their water requirements and 290 +/- 20 kcal(.)d(-1). F + ER was a combination of FR and ER. After 48 h, participants performed a 30-min treadmill TT in temperate conditions (19.7 +/- 0.6 degrees C). A separate investigation (N = 10) showed the Tr to be highly reproducible (CV 1.6%). Results: Body mass loss (BML) was 0.6 +/- 0.4% (CON), 3.2 +/- 0.5% (FR), 3.4 +/- 0.3% (ER), and 3.6 +/- 0.3% (F + ER). Compared with CON (6295 +/- 513 m), less distance was completed on ER (10.3%) and F + ER (15.0%: P < 0.01). Although less distance was completed on FR (2.8%), this was not significantly different from CON. Conclusions: These results show a detrimental effect of a 48-h period of ER but no significant effect of FR on 30-min treadmill TT performance in temperate conditions. Therefore, these results do not support the popular contention that modest hypohydration (2-3% BMC) significantly impairs endurance performance in temperate conditions.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|