Although the endothelium co-generates both nitric oxide ( NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor ( EDHF), the relative contribution from each vasodilator is not clear. In studies where the endothelium is stimulated acutely, EDHF responses predominate in small arteries. However, the temporal relationship between endothelial-derived NO and EDHF over more prolonged periods is unclear but of major physiological importance. Here we have used a classical pharmacological approach to show that EDHF is released transiently compared with NO. Acetylcholine (3 x 10(-6) mol/l) dilated second- and/or third-order mesenteric arteries for prolonged periods of up to 1 h, an effect that was reversed fully and immediately by the subsequent addition of L-NAME (10(-3) mol/l) but not TRAM- 34 (10(-6) mol/l) plus apamin (5 x 10(-7) mol/l). When vessels were pretreated with L-NAME, acetylcholine induced relatively transient dilator responses (declining over similar to 5 min), and vessels were sensitive to TRAM- 34 plus apamin. When measured in parallel, the dilator effects of acetylcholine outlasted the smooth muscle hyperpolarization. However, in the presence of L-NAME, vasodilatation and hyperpolarization followed an identical time course. In vessels from NOSIII-/- mice, acetylcholine induced small but detectable dilator responses that were transient in duration and blocked by TRAM- 34 plus apamin. EDHF responses in these mouse arteries were inhibited by an intracellular calcium blocker, TMB-8, and the phospholipase A(2) inhibitor AACOCF(3), suggesting a role for lipid metabolites. These data show for the first time that EDHF is released transiently, whereas endothelial-derived NO is released in a sustained manner.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
Harrington, L. S., Carrier, M. J., Gallagher, N., Gilroy, D., Garland, C. J., & Mitchell, J. A. (2007). Elucidation of the temporal relationship between endothelial-derived NO and EDHF in mesenteric vessels. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 293(3), H1682-H1688. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00389.2007