Electroosmotic flow in nanoporous membranes in the region of electric double layer overlap

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Abstract

This study investigates electroosmotic flow (EOF) with sodium tetraborate buffer in nanoporous anodized alumina membranes. Membranes with pore diameters ranging from 8 to 100 nm have been fabricated with narrow pore size distributions to systematically investigate the effect of pore diameter on the electroosmosis (EO) pumping down to the electric double layer overlap region. EOF was observed in membranes with pore diameters in and below this region, along with evidence of concentration polarization (CP), which resulted in a significant reduction in flux. The initial flux, though, could be fully recovered by temporarily reversing the flow and dislodging the accumulated ion layer from the feed side of the membrane. Stable pumping for up to 2 h was obtained before any flux reduction caused by CP was observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-719
Number of pages9
JournalMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

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membranes
Membranes
porosity
Fluxes
pumping
Polarization
Electroosmosis
Sodium borate
reversing
Aluminum Oxide
polarization
Pore size
Buffers
Alumina
aluminum oxides
buffers
sodium
Ions
ions
sodium borate

Cite this

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title = "Electroosmotic flow in nanoporous membranes in the region of electric double layer overlap",
abstract = "This study investigates electroosmotic flow (EOF) with sodium tetraborate buffer in nanoporous anodized alumina membranes. Membranes with pore diameters ranging from 8 to 100 nm have been fabricated with narrow pore size distributions to systematically investigate the effect of pore diameter on the electroosmosis (EO) pumping down to the electric double layer overlap region. EOF was observed in membranes with pore diameters in and below this region, along with evidence of concentration polarization (CP), which resulted in a significant reduction in flux. The initial flux, though, could be fully recovered by temporarily reversing the flow and dislodging the accumulated ion layer from the feed side of the membrane. Stable pumping for up to 2 h was obtained before any flux reduction caused by CP was observed.",
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AU - Mattia, Davide

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AB - This study investigates electroosmotic flow (EOF) with sodium tetraborate buffer in nanoporous anodized alumina membranes. Membranes with pore diameters ranging from 8 to 100 nm have been fabricated with narrow pore size distributions to systematically investigate the effect of pore diameter on the electroosmosis (EO) pumping down to the electric double layer overlap region. EOF was observed in membranes with pore diameters in and below this region, along with evidence of concentration polarization (CP), which resulted in a significant reduction in flux. The initial flux, though, could be fully recovered by temporarily reversing the flow and dislodging the accumulated ion layer from the feed side of the membrane. Stable pumping for up to 2 h was obtained before any flux reduction caused by CP was observed.

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