We present a density-functional theory study on the electronic structure of pure and 3d transition metal (TM) (Sc, Ti, Cr, Mn, and Ni) incorporated alpha-Fe(2)O(3). We find that the incorporation of 3d TMs in alpha-Fe(2)O(3) has two main effect such as: (1) the valence and conduction band edges are modified. In particular, the incorporation of Ti provides electron carriers and reduces the electron effective mass, which will improve the electrical conductivity of alpha-Fe(2)O(3). (2) The unit cell volume changes systematically such as: the incorporation of Sc increases the volume, whereas the incorporation of Ti, Cr, Mn, and Ni reduces the volume monotonically, which can affect the hopping probability of localized charge carriers (polarons). We discuss the importance of these results in terms of the utilization of hematite as a visible-light photocatalyst.
- total-energy calculations
- augmented-wave method