7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical processes in micro-gap and nano-gap electrochemical systems are of increasing interest and may be regarded as the “missing link” between tunnel processes (< 1–2nm) and micro-gap processes (>1μm gap). This is the length scale of charge hopping processes (with typically Dapp=10−15 m2s−1) and therefore for processes related to charge storage, photoelectrochemistry, bioelectrochemistry, and sensing. A range of important electrochemical phenomena and processes are encountered in nano-gap electrode systems including the direct observation of slow charge hopping at surfaces, coupled surface-chemical processes in mesoporous oxides, fast feedback current measurements for low concentration analysis down to single molecules, chemical signal filtering for sensor, and stochastic effects due to single molecule/low concentration fluctuations. There are interesting future applications in particular in progressing fundamental science and in enabling new types of micro-fabricated electroanalytical sensing devices.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPR Electrochemistry
EditorsR. G. Compton, J. D. Wadhawan
PublisherRSC
Pages132-154
Number of pages23
Volume12
ISBN (Print)9781849735810
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Dale, S. E. C., & Marken, F. (2013). Electrochemistry within nanogaps. In R. G. Compton, & J. D. Wadhawan (Eds.), SPR Electrochemistry (Vol. 12, pp. 132-154). RSC. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849737333-00132