Electrochemical Decoration of Additively Manufactured Graphene Macroelectrodes with MoO2Nanowires: An Approach to Demonstrate the Surface Morphology

Anthony J. Slate, Kathryn A. Whitehead, Stephen Lynch, Christopher W. Foster, Craig E. Banks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)


Additive manufacturing (AM) provides a unique platform for the rapid design and fabrication of complex structures. Printed structures can be used as is or as templates to be decorated with electrochemically deposited nanomaterials, which may be utilized as electrocatalytic sensing platforms. Novel methods are required to determine the electrochemical deposition morphology present on the electrode surfaces. Additively manufactured graphene macroelectrodes (AM-GMs) were fabricated using a commercially available feedstock and molybdenum dioxide (MoO2) was successfully electrochemically deposited onto the electrode surface. The electrochemically deposited MoO2 was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical interferometry, Raman spectroscopy, and multifractal analysis (MFA). Although the electrochemical deposition of MoO2 nanowires was clearly visible using SEM, MFA enabled quantification of the MoO2 nanowires deposited at various time points (20-300 s). MFA was utilized to generate quantitative data, derived from f(α) curves, to determine the area of the electrochemically deposited MoO2 nanowires, including coverage, density, dispersion, and clustering. The AM-GMs, which were subjected to 300 s (maximum time period) of MoO2 electrodeposition, demonstrated the greatest percentage area coverage (20.14%). The use of such mathematical systems offers an inexpensive method to characterize the parameters of electrochemically deposited materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15377-15385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number28
Early online date17 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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