Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. There is a great need for the development of diagnostic tests, which are reliable, sensitive, stable, and low cost to enable early diagnosis of TB in communities with scarce resources. This study reports the optimi-zation and evaluation of a synthetic receptor, an aptamer, for the detection of the secreted pro-tein MPT64, which is a highly immunogenic polypeptide of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a causa-tive agent of TB. The study investigates combinatorial effects of an aptamer linker and a co-adsorbent onto a gold electrode for optimal binding efficiency and reduced non-specific interac-tions for label-free detection of MPT64 using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Two types of co-adsorbents and two types of aptamer linkers were studied and high specificity and sensitivity to MPT64 was observed for a surface prepared with a thiol PEGylated aptamer HS-(CH2)6-OP(O)2O-(CH2CH2O)6-TTTTT-aptamer and 6-mercaptohexanol in a ratio of 1:100. The developed aptamer-based sensor was successfully used with spiked human serum sample with a limit of detection of 81 pM. This work demonstrates the use of the MPT64 aptamer as a lower cost, more sustainable and stable alternative of antibodies for the development of point-of-care TB biosensors decreasing the detection time from several days or hours to thirty minutes.
- Antigen MPT64
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- Surface chemistry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
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- Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering - Senior Lecturer
- Centre for Biosensors, Bioelectronics and Biodevices (C3Bio)
- Centre for Therapeutic Innovation
- Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies (CSCT)
- Water Innovation and Research Centre (WIRC)
- Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Person: Research & Teaching