Abstract

Fossil fuel depletion, increasing energy demands and concerns on greenhouse gas emissions heavily stress the search for sustainable and green energy alternatives. Plant microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) are an attractive carbon-neutral energy conversion technology that can generate useful electricity from microorganisms naturally present in soil and from the organic matter produced by plants during photosynthesis. We report an innovative membrane-less light-driven PMFC and demonstrate its ability to harvest energy from moss. The PMFC implements a CuO-Cu2O photocatalyst at the cathode, leading to a peak power output approximately 14 times higher than the case of no photocatalyst and a reduction in the Ohmic losses of approximately 50%. A light/dark cycle trend is observed, which help distinguish between the anodic and the photocatalytic contribution to the overall current generated. The use of a protective layer to prevent the photocatalyst leaching is also tested. The simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the design proposed overcomes the cost limitations of other PMFCs previously reported, thus facilitating their future scale up.
LanguageEnglish
Pages934-942
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume298
Early online date21 Dec 2018
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Bioenergy
  • Copper oxide
  • Nafion
  • Photocatalyst
  • Plant microbial fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Electricity generation from moss with light-driven microbial fuel cells. / Castresana, Pablo Ampudia; Martinez, Sara Monasterio; Freeman, Emma; Eslava, Salvador; Di Lorenzo, Mirella.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 298, 01.03.2019, p. 934-942.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Di Lorenzo, Mirella

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N2 - Fossil fuel depletion, increasing energy demands and concerns on greenhouse gas emissions heavily stress the search for sustainable and green energy alternatives. Plant microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) are an attractive carbon-neutral energy conversion technology that can generate useful electricity from microorganisms naturally present in soil and from the organic matter produced by plants during photosynthesis. We report an innovative membrane-less light-driven PMFC and demonstrate its ability to harvest energy from moss. The PMFC implements a CuO-Cu2O photocatalyst at the cathode, leading to a peak power output approximately 14 times higher than the case of no photocatalyst and a reduction in the Ohmic losses of approximately 50%. A light/dark cycle trend is observed, which help distinguish between the anodic and the photocatalytic contribution to the overall current generated. The use of a protective layer to prevent the photocatalyst leaching is also tested. The simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the design proposed overcomes the cost limitations of other PMFCs previously reported, thus facilitating their future scale up.

AB - Fossil fuel depletion, increasing energy demands and concerns on greenhouse gas emissions heavily stress the search for sustainable and green energy alternatives. Plant microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) are an attractive carbon-neutral energy conversion technology that can generate useful electricity from microorganisms naturally present in soil and from the organic matter produced by plants during photosynthesis. We report an innovative membrane-less light-driven PMFC and demonstrate its ability to harvest energy from moss. The PMFC implements a CuO-Cu2O photocatalyst at the cathode, leading to a peak power output approximately 14 times higher than the case of no photocatalyst and a reduction in the Ohmic losses of approximately 50%. A light/dark cycle trend is observed, which help distinguish between the anodic and the photocatalytic contribution to the overall current generated. The use of a protective layer to prevent the photocatalyst leaching is also tested. The simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the design proposed overcomes the cost limitations of other PMFCs previously reported, thus facilitating their future scale up.

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