Electric field distribution in porous piezoelectric materials during polarization

Germán Martínez-Ayuso, Michael I. Friswell, Hamed Haddad Khodaparast, James I. Roscow, Christopher R. Bowen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (SciVal)
84 Downloads (Pure)


High piezoelectric coupling coefficients enable the harvesting of more energy or increase the sensitivity of sensors which work using the principle of piezoelectricity. These coefficients depend on the material properties, but the manufacturing process can have a significant impact on the resulting overall coefficients. During the manufacturing process, one of the main steps is the process of polarization. The degree of polarization depends on multiple factors and it can strongly influence the final piezoelectric coefficients. In this paper, a study on the electric field distribution on the sensitivity of the main piezoelectric and dielectric coefficients to the polarization process is performed, focusing on porous piezoelectric materials. Different inclusion geometries are considered, namely spherical, ellipsoidal and spheres with cracks. The electric field distribution at the micro scale within a representative volume element is modelled to determine the material polarization level using the finite element method. The results show that the electric field distribution is highly dependent on the inclusion geometries and cracks and it has a noticeable impact on the equivalent piezoelectric coefficients. These results are compared with experimental measurements from published literature. Good agreement is found between the ellipsoidal model and the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-341
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
Early online date23 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • Finite element method
  • Homogenization
  • Piezoelectricity
  • Polarization
  • Porous ceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Electric field distribution in porous piezoelectric materials during polarization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this