Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements with different types of emotional content on tobacco use in England, 2004-2010

M. Sims, T. Langley, S. Lewis, S. Richardson, L. Szatkowski, A. McNeill, A. B. Gilmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim To examine the effects of tobacco control television advertisements with positive and negative emotional content on adult smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption. Design Analysis of monthly cross-sectional surveys using generalised additive models. Setting England. Participants 60 000 adults aged 18 years or over living in England and interviewed in the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey from 2004 to 2010. Measurements Current smoking status, daily cigarette consumption, tobacco control gross rating points (GRPs-a measure of per capita advertising exposure), cigarette costliness, concurrent tobacco control policies, sociodemographic variables. Results After adjusting for cigarette costliness, other tobacco control policies and individual characteristics, we found that a 400-point increase in positive emotive GRPs was associated with 7% lower odds of smoking (odds ratio (OR) 0.93, 95% CI 0.87 to 0.98) 1 month later and a similar increase in negative emotive GRPs was significantly associated with 4% lower odds of smoking (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92 to 0.999) 2 months later. An increase in negative emotive GRPs from 0 to 400 was also associated with a significant 3.3% (95% CI 1.1 to 5.6) decrease in average cigarette consumption. There was no evidence that the association between positive emotive GRPs and the outcomes differed depending on the intensity of negative emotive GRPs (and vice versa). Conclusions This is the first study to explore the effects of campaigns with different types of emotive content on adult smoking prevalence and consumption. It suggests that both types of campaign (positive and negative) are effective in reducing smoking prevalence, whereas consumption among smokers was only affected by campaigns evoking negative emotions.

LanguageEnglish
Pages21-26
JournalTobacco Control
Volume25
Issue number1
Early online date18 Jul 2014
DOIs
StatusPublished - Jan 2016

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Television
Tobacco Use
England
nicotine
Tobacco
smoking
television
Smoking
tobacco consumption
Tobacco Products
campaign
Odds Ratio
Life Style
Emotions
emotion
Cross-Sectional Studies
rating
evidence

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Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements with different types of emotional content on tobacco use in England, 2004-2010. / Sims, M.; Langley, T.; Lewis, S.; Richardson, S.; Szatkowski, L.; McNeill, A.; Gilmore, A. B.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.2016, p. 21-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sims, M. ; Langley, T. ; Lewis, S. ; Richardson, S. ; Szatkowski, L. ; McNeill, A. ; Gilmore, A. B. / Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements with different types of emotional content on tobacco use in England, 2004-2010. In: Tobacco Control. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 21-26.
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abstract = "Aim To examine the effects of tobacco control television advertisements with positive and negative emotional content on adult smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption. Design Analysis of monthly cross-sectional surveys using generalised additive models. Setting England. Participants 60 000 adults aged 18 years or over living in England and interviewed in the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey from 2004 to 2010. Measurements Current smoking status, daily cigarette consumption, tobacco control gross rating points (GRPs-a measure of per capita advertising exposure), cigarette costliness, concurrent tobacco control policies, sociodemographic variables. Results After adjusting for cigarette costliness, other tobacco control policies and individual characteristics, we found that a 400-point increase in positive emotive GRPs was associated with 7{\%} lower odds of smoking (odds ratio (OR) 0.93, 95{\%} CI 0.87 to 0.98) 1 month later and a similar increase in negative emotive GRPs was significantly associated with 4{\%} lower odds of smoking (OR 0.96, 95{\%} CI 0.92 to 0.999) 2 months later. An increase in negative emotive GRPs from 0 to 400 was also associated with a significant 3.3{\%} (95{\%} CI 1.1 to 5.6) decrease in average cigarette consumption. There was no evidence that the association between positive emotive GRPs and the outcomes differed depending on the intensity of negative emotive GRPs (and vice versa). Conclusions This is the first study to explore the effects of campaigns with different types of emotive content on adult smoking prevalence and consumption. It suggests that both types of campaign (positive and negative) are effective in reducing smoking prevalence, whereas consumption among smokers was only affected by campaigns evoking negative emotions.",
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