This study of the effect of support of Co-Na-Mo based catalysts on the direct hydrogenation of CO2 into hydrocarbons (HC) provides guidelines for the design of catalysts for CO2 conversion. We demonstrate that the surface area of the support and the metal-support interaction have a key role determining the cobalt crystallite size and consequently the activity of the system. Cobalt particles with sizes 2 and ZSM-5 supports not only substantially increases the CO2 conversion but it also provides high HC selectivities. Further increase of the cobalt particle size to 25-30 nm has a detrimental effect on the global CO2 conversion with HC:CO ratios below 1, however, lower methane selectivity and enhanced formation of unsaturated HC products are achieved. Additionally, the metal-support interaction potentially also has a strong effect on the growth chain probability of the formed hydrocarbons, increasing as the metal-support interaction increases. These evidences demonstrate that CO2 conversion and hydrocarbon distribution can be tuned towards desired products by controlled catalyst design.
- Carbon dioxide