The effect of hydrophobic and hydrophilic co-solutes on the rheological properties of wormlike micelles of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium salicylate (NaSal) or sodium bromide (NaBr) was investigated. Monomeric (ethanol, 2-propanol, benzene and benzylic alcohol) and polymeric species (poly(ethylene oxide), poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(propylene oxide), respectively PEO, PVA and PPO) of varying molecular weight were studied in order to assess the effect of co-solute 'length' on the interactions with the wormlike micelles. Rheological properties were characterised by the plateau modulus G0 and the relaxation time τR obtained from fits to the Maxwell model, and by the zero-shear viscosity η0. The rheological properties were unaltered by the addition of all hydrophilic solutes (up to 20mM). With hydrophobic co-solutes instead, both η0 and τR decreased considerably, while G0 was unaffected. The effects were particularly remarkable with PPO for concentrations as low as 5mM (ca. 0.3gL-1), and τR was seen to follow an exponential decrease with polymer Mw. The effect of the aromatic solutes (benzene and benzyl alcohol) on the rheology was highly dependent on the counterions used to induce micellar growth (Sal- or Br-), revealing a different type of interaction. Surprisingly, small-angle neutron scattering and Cryo-TEM measurements showed that the drastic changes observed in the rheology were not correlated to any visible structural change. Therefore the strong decrease in viscosity and relaxation time are to be attributed to other mechanisms than micellar break-up or rod-to-sphere transition.
- Phantom model
- Viscoelastic properties
- Wormlike micelles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry