Effect of Buoyancy-Induced Rotating Flow on Temperatures of Compressor Discs

Hui Tang, John Owen

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding


Calculation of the clearances between the blades and casing of the high-pressure-compressor rotors in aeroengines involves calculating the radial growth of the corotating compressor discs. This requires the calculation of the thermal growth of the discs, which in turn requires a knowledge of their temperatures and of the Nusselt numbers and the flow structure in the cavity between the discs. The authors have recently published a theoretical model of the buoyancy-induced flow in rotating cavities, and approximate solutions were obtained for laminar Ekman-layer flow on the discs; the equation for the Nusselt numbers, which includes two empirical constants, depends strongly on the Grashof number and on the radial distribution of disc temperature.
In this paper, Nusselt numbers and disc temperatures predicted y the buoyancy model are compared with values obtained from published experimental data. For most of the 19 test cases, with Grashof numbers up to nearly 10^12, mainly good agreement was achieved between the theoretical and experimental distributions of Nusselt numbers and disc temperatures. This suggests that, owing to Coriolis effects, the laminar model of buoyancy-induced rotating flow could be valid even at the high Grashof numbers found in the compressor rotors of aeroengines. As predicted by the model, for a constant Grashof number increasing the rotational Reynolds number can cause a decrease in the Nusselt number.
This is the first time a theoretical model (rather than CFD) has been used to predict the temperature of a compressor disc, but more information is required if the model is to be used by the designers of compressor rotors. Suggestions for future research are given in the paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME Proceedings
Place of PublicationNew York, USA
Number of pages12
Volume5A: Heat Transfer
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-4978-1
ISBN (Print)978-0-7918-4978-1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventASME Turbo Expo 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Duration: 13 Jun 2016 → …


ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2016
Country/TerritoryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of
Period13/06/16 → …


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