Effect of Arc Chute on DC Current Interruption by Liquid Nitrogen in HTS Electrical System of Distributed Propulsion Aircraft

Hongxu Li, Bin Xiang, Wenjuan Song, Yingsan Geng, Zhiyuan Liu, Jianhua Wang, Xiaoze Pei, Youping Tu

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Abstract

The distributed propulsion aircraft with HTS electrical system is a novel concept for future airliners, which can reduce by more than 70% fuel burn and NOx emissions. The circuit breakers ensure the security of this novel aircraft by isolating electrical faults timely. Solid-state circuit breakers (SSCBs) are preferred due to their fast response and high performance in the cryogenic circumstance. However, the high conduction loss of SSCBs impedes their further application. A mechanical switch using liquid nitrogen (LN2) as an arc extinguishing medium shows excellent DC current interruption performance. The LN2 switch is characterized with extremely low contact resistance, and the proper use may reduce the conduction loss of power switches significantly. Nevertheless, the effect of metal type arc chutes on the arcing process in the LN2 is still not clear. Thus the objective of this paper is to understand the effect of metal type arc chutes on the current interruption performance of LN2. Silicon iron arc chutes are employed. Neodymium (NdFeB) magnets are used to stretch the arc into the arc chutes. The maximum interrupting current is 1 kV/ 2 kA when only magnets are applied. Further applying the arc chutes leads to a significant drop in the arc voltage and interruption performance. Since the high relative permeability of silicon iron weakens the magnetic field acting on the arc, metal type arc chutes are not recommended. 1 kV / 10 kA fault current is successfully cleared by the combination of resistance type superconducting fault current limiter (R-SFCL) and LN2 switch with magnets, during which the R-SFCL responds to the fault within 420 μs, compensating the long clear time of the LN2 switch.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9372814
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Arc Chute
  • Cryogenic Power Electronics
  • Distributed Propulsion Aircraft
  • Liquid Nitrogen Switch
  • Superconducting Fault Current Limiters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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