Early response to anti-TNF predicts long-term outcomes including sustained remission

an analysis of the BSRBR-RA

Philip D H Hamann, John D Pauling, Neil McHugh, Kimme Hyrich, Gavin Shaddick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify different trajectories of disease activity in patients with RA following initiation of a first anti-TNF.

METHODS: Patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF between 2001 and 2013 were selected from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA. Six-monthly DAS28-ESR scores were used to identify trajectories of disease activity using latent class modelling. Data were included for six follow-ups after registration (approximately 3 years). Subgroup analysis examined changes in disease activity profiles over time.

RESULTS: A total of 14 436 patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF were enrolled between 2001 and 2013 (13 115 between 2001 and 2008, 1321 between 2010 and 2013). The mean number of DAS28-ESR scores was 3.5/patient (s.d. 2.1), with a mean of 184.9 days (s.d. 69.9) between scores. The DAS28-ESR nadir was achieved within 250 days of commencing anti-TNF, although apparent trajectory divergence emerged by first 6-monthly follow-up at 180 days. Four distinct response trajectories comprised the most stable model. Most patients fitted into 'modest' (7986 patients; 55.3%) or 'substantial' (4676 patients; 32.4%) response trajectories. Of the remainder, 1254 (8.7%) and 520 (3.6%) fitted 'maximal' and 'minimal' response trajectories, respectively. There was a significant (P < 0.01) increase in proportion achieving 'maximal' response between 2001-2008 and 2010-2013.

CONCLUSION: This is the largest study to identify long-term response trajectories with anti-TNF. By 6 months, longer-term trajectory profiles of DAS28 could already be identified, with many patients identified earlier. The majority of patients had persistent moderate response, equivalent to maintained DAS28-ESR moderate disease activity. The maximal response trajectory (equivalent to sustained DAS2-ESR remission) was only achieved by approximately one-third of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberkez518
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Early online date12 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Nov 2019

Cite this

@article{3c3c7515b8224ce0968fcc2879704f99,
title = "Early response to anti-TNF predicts long-term outcomes including sustained remission: an analysis of the BSRBR-RA",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To identify different trajectories of disease activity in patients with RA following initiation of a first anti-TNF.METHODS: Patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF between 2001 and 2013 were selected from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA. Six-monthly DAS28-ESR scores were used to identify trajectories of disease activity using latent class modelling. Data were included for six follow-ups after registration (approximately 3 years). Subgroup analysis examined changes in disease activity profiles over time.RESULTS: A total of 14 436 patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF were enrolled between 2001 and 2013 (13 115 between 2001 and 2008, 1321 between 2010 and 2013). The mean number of DAS28-ESR scores was 3.5/patient (s.d. 2.1), with a mean of 184.9 days (s.d. 69.9) between scores. The DAS28-ESR nadir was achieved within 250 days of commencing anti-TNF, although apparent trajectory divergence emerged by first 6-monthly follow-up at 180 days. Four distinct response trajectories comprised the most stable model. Most patients fitted into 'modest' (7986 patients; 55.3{\%}) or 'substantial' (4676 patients; 32.4{\%}) response trajectories. Of the remainder, 1254 (8.7{\%}) and 520 (3.6{\%}) fitted 'maximal' and 'minimal' response trajectories, respectively. There was a significant (P < 0.01) increase in proportion achieving 'maximal' response between 2001-2008 and 2010-2013.CONCLUSION: This is the largest study to identify long-term response trajectories with anti-TNF. By 6 months, longer-term trajectory profiles of DAS28 could already be identified, with many patients identified earlier. The majority of patients had persistent moderate response, equivalent to maintained DAS28-ESR moderate disease activity. The maximal response trajectory (equivalent to sustained DAS2-ESR remission) was only achieved by approximately one-third of patients.",
author = "Hamann, {Philip D H} and Pauling, {John D} and Neil McHugh and Kimme Hyrich and Gavin Shaddick",
note = "{\circledC} The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology.",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1093/rheumatology/kez518",
language = "English",
journal = "Rheumatology",
issn = "1462-0324",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early response to anti-TNF predicts long-term outcomes including sustained remission

T2 - an analysis of the BSRBR-RA

AU - Hamann, Philip D H

AU - Pauling, John D

AU - McHugh, Neil

AU - Hyrich, Kimme

AU - Shaddick, Gavin

N1 - © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology.

PY - 2019/11/12

Y1 - 2019/11/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To identify different trajectories of disease activity in patients with RA following initiation of a first anti-TNF.METHODS: Patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF between 2001 and 2013 were selected from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA. Six-monthly DAS28-ESR scores were used to identify trajectories of disease activity using latent class modelling. Data were included for six follow-ups after registration (approximately 3 years). Subgroup analysis examined changes in disease activity profiles over time.RESULTS: A total of 14 436 patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF were enrolled between 2001 and 2013 (13 115 between 2001 and 2008, 1321 between 2010 and 2013). The mean number of DAS28-ESR scores was 3.5/patient (s.d. 2.1), with a mean of 184.9 days (s.d. 69.9) between scores. The DAS28-ESR nadir was achieved within 250 days of commencing anti-TNF, although apparent trajectory divergence emerged by first 6-monthly follow-up at 180 days. Four distinct response trajectories comprised the most stable model. Most patients fitted into 'modest' (7986 patients; 55.3%) or 'substantial' (4676 patients; 32.4%) response trajectories. Of the remainder, 1254 (8.7%) and 520 (3.6%) fitted 'maximal' and 'minimal' response trajectories, respectively. There was a significant (P < 0.01) increase in proportion achieving 'maximal' response between 2001-2008 and 2010-2013.CONCLUSION: This is the largest study to identify long-term response trajectories with anti-TNF. By 6 months, longer-term trajectory profiles of DAS28 could already be identified, with many patients identified earlier. The majority of patients had persistent moderate response, equivalent to maintained DAS28-ESR moderate disease activity. The maximal response trajectory (equivalent to sustained DAS2-ESR remission) was only achieved by approximately one-third of patients.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To identify different trajectories of disease activity in patients with RA following initiation of a first anti-TNF.METHODS: Patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF between 2001 and 2013 were selected from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA. Six-monthly DAS28-ESR scores were used to identify trajectories of disease activity using latent class modelling. Data were included for six follow-ups after registration (approximately 3 years). Subgroup analysis examined changes in disease activity profiles over time.RESULTS: A total of 14 436 patients with RA starting their first anti-TNF were enrolled between 2001 and 2013 (13 115 between 2001 and 2008, 1321 between 2010 and 2013). The mean number of DAS28-ESR scores was 3.5/patient (s.d. 2.1), with a mean of 184.9 days (s.d. 69.9) between scores. The DAS28-ESR nadir was achieved within 250 days of commencing anti-TNF, although apparent trajectory divergence emerged by first 6-monthly follow-up at 180 days. Four distinct response trajectories comprised the most stable model. Most patients fitted into 'modest' (7986 patients; 55.3%) or 'substantial' (4676 patients; 32.4%) response trajectories. Of the remainder, 1254 (8.7%) and 520 (3.6%) fitted 'maximal' and 'minimal' response trajectories, respectively. There was a significant (P < 0.01) increase in proportion achieving 'maximal' response between 2001-2008 and 2010-2013.CONCLUSION: This is the largest study to identify long-term response trajectories with anti-TNF. By 6 months, longer-term trajectory profiles of DAS28 could already be identified, with many patients identified earlier. The majority of patients had persistent moderate response, equivalent to maintained DAS28-ESR moderate disease activity. The maximal response trajectory (equivalent to sustained DAS2-ESR remission) was only achieved by approximately one-third of patients.

U2 - 10.1093/rheumatology/kez518

DO - 10.1093/rheumatology/kez518

M3 - Article

JO - Rheumatology

JF - Rheumatology

SN - 1462-0324

M1 - kez518

ER -