This paper proposes a novel dynamic Hierarchical Dirichlet Process topic model that considers the dependence between successive observations. Conventional posterior inference algorithms for this kind of models require processing of the whole data through several passes. It is computationally intractable for massive or sequential data. We design the batch and online inference algorithms, based on the Gibbs sampling, for the proposed model. It allows to process sequential data, incrementally updating the model by a new observation. The model is applied to abnormal behaviour detection in video sequences. A new abnormality measure is proposed for decision making. The proposed method is compared with the method based on the non-dynamic Hierarchical Dirichlet Process, for which we also derive the online Gibbs sampler and the abnormality measure. The results with synthetic and real data show that the consideration of the dynamics in a topic model improves the classification performance for abnormal behaviour detection.
|Title of host publication||2016 19th International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Aug 2016|
|Event||19th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2016 - Heidelberg, Germany|
Duration: 5 Jul 2016 → 8 Jul 2016
|Conference||19th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2016|
|Period||5/07/16 → 8/07/16|