Dynamic behavior of hydroxyl radical in sono-photo-Fenton mineralization of synthetic municipal wastewater effluent containing antipyrine

A. J. Expósito, J. M. Monteagudo, A. Durán, A. Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the kinetics of the different mechanisms (radical pathway, photolysis, molecular reaction with H2O2 and reaction with ultrasonically generated oxidative species) involved in the homogeneous sono-photoFenton (US/UV/H2O2/Fe) mineralization of antipyrine present in a synthetic municipal wastewater effluent (ASMWE). The dynamic behavior of hydroxyl (HO[rad]) radical generation and consumption in mineralization reaction under different systems was investigated by measuring hydroxyl radical concentration during the reaction. The overall mineralization process was optimized using a Central-Composite Experimental Design (CCED) with four variables (initial concentrations of H2O2 and Fe(II), amplitude and pulse length). The response functions (pseudo-first order mineralization kinetic rate constants) were fitted using neural networks (NNs). Under the optimal conditions ([H2O2]o= 500 mg L−1, [Fe(II)]o= 27 mg L−1, Amplitude (%) = 20 and Pulse length = 1), the TOC removal was 79% in 50 min. The radical reaction in the bulk solution was found be the primary mineralization pathway (94.8%), followed by photolysis (3.65%), direct reaction with H2O2 (0.86%), and reaction by ultrasonically generated oxidative species (0.64%). The role of the Fe catalyst on the radical reaction and the presence of refractory intermediates towards hydroxyl radical were also studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Hydroxyl radical concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Sono-photo-Fenton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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