Three-phase material imaging such as oil, gas and water is a critical problem in many processes. Monitoring and separation of each phase before corresponding process can be a key to realise cost efficiency production. In the oil and gas industry such a tool can generate great environmental benefits. In recent years, several multi-modality imaging systems are being adapted for such an application. It is not possible to gain information on three phase flow using a single imaging modality that can be deployed in production field. For a three-phase flow dominated by water phase, this is more challenging. The capability of the majority of current dual-modality systems was only demonstrated under limited flow regime conditions. This paper presents a novel combined imaging system including electrical impedance tomography (EIT), and ultrasound transmission tomography (UTT) for mapping three-phase flow. In water dominate mode, the EIT is able to image the nonconductive phases of oil and gas in a water dominate background phase, but not able to separate oil and gas. The EIT two-phase imaging then complimented with the speed of sound imaging of the UTT, which can separate liquid (oil and water) and gas. A dual modality EIT-UTT system combining a 32-electrode EIT array and a 32-transducer UTT sensor array is developed to demonstrate this novel three-phase material imaging. The concept was demonstrated using simulation study and then shown with experimental lab tests. Measurement principles and method are described, experiment based on several three-phase flow scenarios are established, and the results show successful distinguishably for all three phases.
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- Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering - Professor
- EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Statistical Applied Mathematics (SAMBa)
- Centre for Biosensors, Bioelectronics and Biodevices (C3Bio)
- Centre for Autonomous Robotics (CENTAUR)
- Electronics Materials, Circuits & Systems Research Unit (EMaCS)
Person: Research & Teaching