In order to develop a renewable electrode surface, carbon nanofibers (CNF) were embedded into solidified paste electrodes using a composite of paraffin wax and paraffin oil. A range of different compositions was surveyed and the optimal composition of the paste for electroanalysis was found to be 43% of CNF, 41% of paraffin wax, and 16% of paraffin oil. The electrochemical properties of the novel composite electrode were investigated using cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and compared to those of similar graphite-solidified paste electrodes. The carbon nanofibers enhance the activity of the surface of the electrode and provide a good substrate for the adsorption and voltammetric detection of dsDNA. Responses of dsDNA bases and Ni2+ ions accumulated from ammonium buffer pH 8.5 (with a Langmuirian binding constant of 10(5) mol(-1) L) were investigated and a limit of detection of 7 nmol L-1 (at 3 sigma) was obtained using "nucleation stripping voltammetry". Interferences by other metal cations are examined and discussed.
- solidified paste electrode
- DNA biosensor
- nucleation stripping voltammetry
- carbon nanofibers
- nickel-DNA interaction