Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast

B Papp, C Pal, L D Hurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

649 Citations (SciVal)


According to what we term the balance hypothesis, an imbalance in the concentration of the subcomponents of a protein - protein complex can be deleterious(1). If so, there are two consequences: first, both underexpression and overexpression of protein complex subunits should lower fitness, and second, the accuracy of transcriptional co-regulation of subunits should reflect the deleterious consequences of imbalance. Here we show that all these predictions are upheld in yeast ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae). This supports the hypothesis(2,3) that dominance is a by-product of physiology and metabolism rather than the result of selection to mask the deleterious effects of mutations. Beyond this, single-gene duplication of protein subunits is expected to be harmful, as this, too, leads to imbalance. As then expected, we find that members of large gene families are rarely involved in complexes. The balance hypothesis therefore provides a single theoretical framework for understanding components both of dominance and of gene family size.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
Issue number6945
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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