Does workplace training participation vary by type of secondary level qualification? England and Germany in comparison

Rossella Icardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Existing evidence shows that the higher the level of education the higher the likelihood to participate in workplace training. However, we know little about training participation of individuals educated to the secondary level, and whether this may vary by the type of qualification attained, i.e. vocational or general. Vocational qualification holders are known to find employment sooner after school than those with a general qualification but we do not know whether they are also more likely to participate in workplace training. Using data from the 2012 Programme of International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) and logistic regressions, we investigate whether vocational qualification holders are more likely to participate in workplace training than general ones in Germany and England. Germany is a coordinated labour market economy with a large emphasis on the provision of vocational qualifications which facilitate school-to-work transitions whereas England is an example of liberal labour markets where the focus is on general qualifications. Results show that in Germany general qualification holders are more likely to participate in training compared to vocational ones; however, differences reduce when controlling for endogeneity. In contrast, in England there is no difference between types of qualification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-631
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Lifelong Education
Issue number6
Early online date15 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • comparative analysis
  • vocational and general education
  • Workplace training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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