Do selective schooling systems increase inequality?

Matthew Dickson, Simon Burgess, Lindsey Macmillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigate the impact on earnings inequality of a selective education system in which school assignment is based on initial test scores. We use a large, representative household panel survey to compare adult earnings inequality of those growing up under a selective education system with those educated under a comprehensive system. Controlling for a range of background characteristics and the current location, the wage distribution for individuals who grew up in selective schooling areas is quantitatively substantially and significantly more unequal, and the difference is statistically significant. The total effect sizes are large: 214% of the raw 90-10 earnings gap and 198% of the conditional 90-10 earnings gap can be explained by differences across schooling systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalOxford Economic Papers
Early online date25 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2019

Cite this

Do selective schooling systems increase inequality? / Dickson, Matthew; Burgess, Simon; Macmillan, Lindsey.

In: Oxford Economic Papers, 25.02.2019, p. 1-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dickson, Matthew ; Burgess, Simon ; Macmillan, Lindsey. / Do selective schooling systems increase inequality?. In: Oxford Economic Papers. 2019 ; pp. 1-24.
@article{f1d8f353a90e4827be026d0f71049df7,
title = "Do selective schooling systems increase inequality?",
abstract = "We investigate the impact on earnings inequality of a selective education system in which school assignment is based on initial test scores. We use a large, representative household panel survey to compare adult earnings inequality of those growing up under a selective education system with those educated under a comprehensive system. Controlling for a range of background characteristics and the current location, the wage distribution for individuals who grew up in selective schooling areas is quantitatively substantially and significantly more unequal, and the difference is statistically significant. The total effect sizes are large: 214{\%} of the raw 90-10 earnings gap and 198{\%} of the conditional 90-10 earnings gap can be explained by differences across schooling systems.",
author = "Matthew Dickson and Simon Burgess and Lindsey Macmillan",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1093/oep/gpz028",
language = "English",
pages = "1--24",
journal = "Oxford Economic Papers",
issn = "1464-3812",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do selective schooling systems increase inequality?

AU - Dickson, Matthew

AU - Burgess, Simon

AU - Macmillan, Lindsey

PY - 2019/2/25

Y1 - 2019/2/25

N2 - We investigate the impact on earnings inequality of a selective education system in which school assignment is based on initial test scores. We use a large, representative household panel survey to compare adult earnings inequality of those growing up under a selective education system with those educated under a comprehensive system. Controlling for a range of background characteristics and the current location, the wage distribution for individuals who grew up in selective schooling areas is quantitatively substantially and significantly more unequal, and the difference is statistically significant. The total effect sizes are large: 214% of the raw 90-10 earnings gap and 198% of the conditional 90-10 earnings gap can be explained by differences across schooling systems.

AB - We investigate the impact on earnings inequality of a selective education system in which school assignment is based on initial test scores. We use a large, representative household panel survey to compare adult earnings inequality of those growing up under a selective education system with those educated under a comprehensive system. Controlling for a range of background characteristics and the current location, the wage distribution for individuals who grew up in selective schooling areas is quantitatively substantially and significantly more unequal, and the difference is statistically significant. The total effect sizes are large: 214% of the raw 90-10 earnings gap and 198% of the conditional 90-10 earnings gap can be explained by differences across schooling systems.

U2 - 10.1093/oep/gpz028

DO - 10.1093/oep/gpz028

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 24

JO - Oxford Economic Papers

JF - Oxford Economic Papers

SN - 1464-3812

ER -